Breakups are not only challenging for the people involved but can also have profound effects on our feline friends. Cats, with their sensitive nature, can pick up on the emotional turmoil and changes in their environment, leading to behavioral shifts and anxiety. This article explores the ways in which a breakup can affect your cat and provides insight into how you can help your pet navigate through this difficult time. From recognizing the signs of feline distress to creating a stable and supportive environment, we delve into strategies that will benefit both you and your cat as you both move forward.

Key Takeaways

  • Cats are sensitive to changes in their environment and can experience stress and anxiety during a breakup, often exhibiting signs such as altered bathroom habits and increased solitude.
  • Creating a comforting environment and maintaining a routine can help mitigate stress, with strategies like providing interactive toys, pheromone diffusers, and possibly the company of another cat.
  • Addressing behavioral issues post-breakup, such as destructive scratching and inappropriate elimination, requires patience and positive reinforcement techniques.
  • Ensuring your cat’s well-being when you’re not around includes engaging them with interactive toys, leaving the TV or radio on, and considering a feline companion to prevent loneliness.
  • As you adjust to a new life post-breakup, it’s important to keep your cat feeling secure in their territory and to manage travel stress with proper preparation and attention to their comfort.

The Tail End of Love: When Your Cat Senses the Split

The Tail End of Love: When Your Cat Senses the Split

Scratching the Surface: Recognizing the Signs of Feline Heartache

We’ve all been there, folks. One minute you’re in a purr-fect relationship, and the next, you’re left holding the (cat) bag. But what about our feline friends? Can they sense the heartache in the air? Absolutely! Cats are incredibly intuitive and can pick up on changes in our emotions and routines. So, let’s not pussyfoot around the issue; it’s time to address the signs of feline heartache.

When our whiskered companions start to act out of the ordinary, it’s a red flag. Maybe Mr. Whiskers isn’t greeting you with his usual chirpy meows, or perhaps Miss Fluffy has turned her nose up at her favorite fishy feast. These subtle shifts in behavior can be a cat’s way of saying, ‘Hey, I’m feeling blue too!’

Here’s a quick list to help you spot the signs:

  • A sudden change in appetite or weight
  • Over-grooming or neglecting their fur
  • A shift from social butterfly to lone lion
  • Uncharacteristic aggression or fearfulness

Remember, every cat is an individual, and they’ll express their emotions in their own unique way. If you’re noticing these changes, it might be time to visit a vet or a feline behaviorist. And for more tips on keeping your kitty content, check out CatsLuvUs.

While we can’t ask our cats how they’re feeling, we can certainly learn to read their tails and whiskers. It’s all about being observant and responsive to their needs during these trying times.

So, keep an eye on your kitty’s behavior, and don’t hesitate to seek professional advice if you’re concerned. After all, we want to ensure that the only ‘split’ they’re worried about is the one in their milk!

Litter-ally Anxious: How Breakups Impact Your Cat’s Bathroom Habits

We’ve all been there, folks. The love boat has sailed, and now we’re left with the heartache… and a cat who’s just as confused as we are. Cats are creatures of habit, and when their human’s relationship status changes, their litter box behavior might too. It’s not just about missing the extra belly rubs; it’s about the upheaval of their routine.

So, what’s a cat lover to do? First, let’s break down the potential potty problems:

  • A sudden aversion to the litter box
  • ‘Accidents’ around the house
  • A noticeable increase in bathroom breaks
  • Or, conversely, a concerning decrease

Now, don’t go thinking your feline friend is staging a protest against your newly single status. It’s their way of saying, "Hey, I’m feeling a bit out of sorts here!" But fear not, we’ve got some litter-ary advice to help ease your kitty’s anxiety.

Keep the litter box clean – a dirty box can cause your cat to turn up their nose and find somewhere else to do their business. And trust us, you don’t want to find that surprise.

Remember, a clean litter box is the cat’s pajamas! Aim to scoop daily and do a full change regularly. If you’re struggling to keep up, consider enlisting the help of a friend, neighbor, or even a professional cat sitter. After all, nobody wants to add ‘litter box archaeologist’ to their resume.

For more tips on keeping your cat happy and your home smelling like roses (or at least not like a litter box), check out CatsLuvUs. They’ve got the scoop on all things feline and can help you navigate the murky waters of post-breakup pet care. So, keep your chin up and your litter scoop handy – together, we’ll get through this one scoop at a time!

Hide and Seek: Understanding Your Cat’s Newfound Love for Solitude

Ever noticed your feline friend has turned into a bit of a lone ranger? Cats feel especially vulnerable when unknown animals come into their territory, because they are small, and a breakup can make your home feel like the wild west for your kitty. They might start to enjoy the peace and quiet, or they could be playing hide and seek because they’re feeling a tad anxious.

We’ve all been there, right? One minute we’re the life of the party, the next we’re channeling our inner hermit. Well, cats are no different. When they sense a change in their environment, like their favorite humans parting ways, they might just need a little extra ‘meow’ time. But how do you know if your cat is just enjoying some solitude or if they’re actually staging a silent meow-ltdown?

Here’s a quick checklist to help you decode your cat’s behavior:

  • Is your cat’s bed still warm, or are they avoiding their usual nap spots?
  • Have they turned your latest IKEA masterpiece into a scratching post?
  • Are there changes in litter box use, appetite, or grooming habits?

If you’re nodding along, then it’s time to take action. But don’t fret, we’ve got some purr-fect strategies over at CatsLuvUs to help your whiskered companion adjust to the single life.

Remember, while it’s important to respect your cat’s need for space, it’s also crucial to ensure they’re not retreating due to stress or anxiety. A little extra TLC can go a long way in helping your cat feel secure again.

So, before you head off outdoors, it might be a good idea to test out how your cat responds to being alone. Because left unsupervised, there’s no guarantee your cat might stay put – boredom, stress, and anxiety can drive them to make an escape attempt the minute you leave them to their own devices!

Paws and Reflect: Helping Your Cat Cope with Change

Paws and Reflect: Helping Your Cat Cope with Change

Feline Fine: Creating a Comforting Environment

We all know that our purr-fect companions can become a bit hiss-terical when change is afoot. But fear not, fellow cat whisperers! We’ve got the scoop on how to create a comforting environment that’ll have your kitty feline fine in no time. Remember, a relaxed cat is a happy cat, and it’s up to us to ensure their whiskers stay twitch-free.

First things first, let’s talk territory. Cats are creatures of habit and they love their space to be just purr-fect. Here’s a quick checklist to ensure your home remains the cat’s meow:

  • Safe Spaces: Cardboard boxes and cozy nooks provide the perfect hideaway for a cat needing some alone time.
  • Familiar Scents: Keep a piece of clothing or a blanket with your scent on it in their favorite spot.
  • Playtime: Engage in regular play sessions with toys that stimulate their hunter instincts.
  • Vertical Territory: Cat trees and shelves allow for a great view and a sense of security.

Creating a stable and predictable environment is key to reducing feline stress. It’s not rocket science, it’s cat science!

Don’t forget to sprinkle in some quality time together. Whether it’s a lazy Sunday afternoon sunbathing session or a thrilling game of chase the laser dot, your presence is the ultimate comfort for your kitty. And if you’re looking for more tips or a chance to win some pawsome prizes, don’t hesitate to visit

So, let’s not let our feline friends down. By tuning into their cat behavior cues, we can create a harmonious home that’s the cat’s pajamas!

Catnip and Chill: Stress-Relief Strategies for Your Kitty

We all know that breakups can leave us humans feeling like a cat on a hot tin roof, but let’s not forget about our feline friends who may be silently singing the blues. Cats are creatures of habit, and a change in the family dynamic can send their stress levels through the roof. But fear not! There are plenty of ways to help your kitty keep their cool during these trying times.

Firstly, consider the power of play. Engaging your cat in regular playtime can work wonders for their mood. Here’s a quick list of activities to get those paws pouncing:

  • Feather wands: A classic that never fails to entice.
  • Laser pointers: For the high-tech hunter in your home.
  • Interactive toys: Keep them busy even when you’re not around.

Next, let’s talk about the magic of catnip. This natural herb can be a real game-changer for a stressed-out kitty. Just a sprinkle of catnip on their favorite toy or scratching post, and you’ll have a cat that’s more chill than a freezer full of fish sticks.

Remember, while catnip can be a blast, not all cats are affected by it, so it’s important to observe how your cat responds.

If you’re looking for more pawsome tips on keeping your cat content, don’t hesitate to visit CatsLuvUs. They’ve got a treasure trove of information that can help turn your cat’s frown upside down.

Lastly, never underestimate the soothing power of your presence. Spending quality time with your cat, be it through cuddles or simply sharing the same space, can reassure them that some things never change, even when life seems to be in a fur-midable flux.

The Buddy System: Should You Consider a Feline Friend?

We’ve all heard the adage that cats are the epitome of independence, but let’s face it, they’re also the kings and queens of the cuddle kingdom when it suits them. So, when you’re navigating the choppy waters of a breakup, you might wonder if your whiskered companion needs a buddy to keep their spirits up. Is it time to double the purr-sonnel in your home?

Before you jump into expanding your feline family, consider the following points in a handy list:

  • Age Matters: Young kittens come with a built-in need for play and socialization, while senior cats may prefer the quiet life.
  • Personality Check: Some cats are social butterflies, while others are lone wolves. Know your cat’s temperament.
  • Health First: Introducing a new cat can be stressful, so ensure both cats are healthy to prevent the spread of any illnesses.
  • Space Race: Make sure you have enough room for multiple cats to have their own space.

Remember, every cat is an individual with unique needs and preferences. The decision to bring in a new feline friend should be made with careful consideration of your current cat’s happiness and well-being.

If you’re leaning towards a yes, it’s crucial to do your homework. Visit CatsLuvUs for a comprehensive guide to cat care and tips on making smooth transitions for new cats. Think carriers, safe spaces, and a sprinkle of familiarity and consistency to ease them into their new life.

Ultimately, whether you decide to get a new kitty companion or not, the most important thing is to keep your current cat’s tail wagging with joy. After all, they’re not just pets; they’re part of the family, and their happiness is paramount.

Cattitude Adjustment: Managing Mischievous Behavior Post-Breakup

Cattitude Adjustment: Managing Mischievous Behavior Post-Breakup

Claw Enforcement: Redirecting Destructive Scratching

We’ve all been there, haven’t we? One minute you’re snuggling with your purr-fect companion, and the next, you’re watching your beloved couch turn into a feline version of Swiss cheese. But fear not, fellow cat aficionados! There are ways to redirect those claw-some tendencies and save your furniture from becoming a scratch post memoir.

Firstly, let’s talk about scratch posts. These aren’t just your average cat accessory; they’re a must-have! Here’s a quick guide to get you started:

  • The Material Matters: Cats love a good sisal fabric or corrugated cardboard to sink their claws into.
  • Location, Location, Location: Place the scratch post near your cat’s favorite furniture target.
  • Height is Right: Taller posts allow for a full stretch, which is just what the cat ordered.

Remember, consistency is key! Encourage your kitty to use the scratch post by sprinkling some irresistible catnip on it or dangling their favorite toy nearby.

Now, if your feline friend still treats your home like their personal jungle gym, consider some ‘paws-itive’ reinforcement. Reward them with treats and cuddles when they use the scratch post instead of the couch. And for those times when you’re not around to supervise, check out our friends at CatsLuvUs for some innovative solutions to keep those paws busy.

So, let’s not scratch our heads in despair. With a little patience and these tips, we’ll have your cat’s scratching habits turned around faster than you can say ‘meow’!

Unwanted Sprinkles: Tackling Inappropriate Elimination

When your feline friend starts to sprinkle outside the litter box, it’s not just a minor inconvenience—it’s a sign that something’s amiss in their world. Cats are creatures of habit, and a change in their bathroom behavior can often be traced back to stress or discomfort. So, what’s a cat lover to do when their kitty starts to go rogue with their restroom rituals?

Firstly, let’s not pussyfoot around the issue. It’s essential to rule out any medical problems by visiting the vet. Once you’ve got the all-clear, it’s time to think like a cat. Here’s a purr-ticular strategy to help your cat claw back to proper potty practices:

  • Identify the stressor: Is it the recent breakup blues or something else in their environment?
  • Maintain a pristine litter box: Keep it clean, folks—no cat wants a dirty dance floor.
  • Location, location, location: Place the litter box in a quiet, accessible spot.
  • Multiple boxes: One for each cat, plus one extra, can prevent territorial tinkles.
  • Consistency is key: Stick to a routine to avoid throwing your cat a curveball.

Remember, patience is a virtue, especially when dealing with a dominant cat. To stop a fight in progress, try startling them by making a loud noise, such as clapping your hands, or even squirting the cats with water. As a last resort, you …

If you’re still facing a feline fiesta of unwanted sprinkles, consider visiting Cat Savant for more tips and tricks. After all, we’re in this together, and we want to ensure that the only thing your cat is breaking up with is their bad bathroom habits!

The Great Escape: Preventing Your Cat from Running Away

We all know that our feline friends have a knack for adventure and sometimes that means trying to sneak out for an unsupervised stroll. But when the cat’s away, the mice will play, and we’re not just talking about the ones in your living room! To prevent your whiskered wanderer from turning into a furry fugitive, here are some purr-fect strategies:

  • Ensure your home is escape-proof by checking all potential exit points. Cats are like little Houdinis, so it’s important to secure windows, doors, and any other cat-sized openings.
  • Consider investing in a cat GPS tracker. This nifty gadget allows you to keep tabs on your tabby, even when you’re not around. It’s like having a feline LoJack!
  • Create a stimulating environment indoors to curb their wanderlust. Think climbing trees, scratching posts, and enough toys to keep them entertained for nine lives.

Remember, a bored cat is an escape artist in the making. Keep their environment engaging and they’ll be less likely to look for excitement elsewhere.

And if you’re planning to be away, don’t forget to:

  • Leave plenty of food and water. Cats may have nine lives, but they definitely can’t survive on love and fresh air alone.
  • Arrange for a cat sitter or a check-in buddy. It’s always good to have a human on paw to ensure everything’s purring along nicely.

For more tips on keeping your cat safe and sound, check out CatsLuvUs. Because when it comes to our cats, we’re not kitten around about their safety!

The Ex-Files: Keeping Your Cat Entertained When You’re Not Around

The Ex-Files: Keeping Your Cat Entertained When You're Not Around

Solo Play: Interactive Toys to Keep the Blues Away

We all know that cats are the reigning monarchs of their own little kingdoms, and when their human courtiers split, they might just need some extra amusement to keep their royal paws busy. Interactive toys are the purr-fect way to ensure your kitty’s solo playtime is both engaging and stimulating.

Here’s a quick list of some feline-approved toys that will keep your whiskered companion entertained:

  • Puzzle feeders to challenge their intellect
  • A cat tree for climbing adventures
  • A cozy cat bed for those much-needed catnaps
  • Open paper bags for an impromptu game of hide and seek
  • A variety of cat toys, because one can never have too many

Remember, while you’re out, these toys are your cat’s best pals. They’re the silent guardians of your sofa, the watchful protectors of your curtains, and the knights in shining armor against the dragon of boredom.

And let’s not forget about the high-tech options! Discover apps like Relax My Cat and Cat Alone to entertain and soothe your feline friends. Also, find convenient shopping for cat supplies with Chewy. Keep your cat happy and healthy!

Lastly, if you’re curious about how your cat stacks up in the activity department, gadgets like the Tractive device come with an Activity leaderboard. It’s a fun way to see if your kitty could be the next feline Olympian or if they’re more of a couch potato aristocat.

Purr-ogramming: TV and Radio for the Lonely Cat

We all know that cats are the ultimate connoisseurs of comfort and can often be found lounging in the sunniest spot of the house. But what happens when their favorite human isn’t around to provide entertainment? Enter the world of purr-ogramming, a feline’s answer to Netflix and chill. It’s not just about keeping them occupied; it’s about stimulating their natural instincts and providing a sense of companionship.

Here’s a quick guide to get you started:

  • Select the right channel: Look for videos with birds, fish, or scurrying rodents. Cats are visual hunters and these will catch their eye.
  • Volume matters: Keep it low. Cats have sensitive ears and loud noises can be more startling than soothing.
  • Set a timer: Continuous play isn’t necessary. A couple of hours will suffice to break up the monotony of a long day alone.
  • Mix it up: Just like us, cats can get bored with the same old shows. Rotate the content to keep it fresh.

Remember, while purr-ogramming can provide a distraction, nothing replaces the love and attention you give. It’s just one of the tools in your kitty-care arsenal to ensure your cat doesn’t turn into a couch purr-tato while you’re away.

And if you’re looking for more ways to pamper your pet, don’t forget to check out CatsLuvUs for a treasure trove of cat-centric goodies. From the latest in interactive toys to the coziest of cat beds, they’ve got everything to keep your kitty purring during those solo hours.

Scent-sational Solutions: Pheromones to the Rescue

When it comes to soothing your whiskered companion post-breakup, pheromones might just be the cat’s meow. These invisible comforters are akin to feline aromatherapy, and they work wonders in whispering to your cat’s senses that all is well in their world.

For starters, consider plugging in pheromone diffusers a few days before introducing your cat to a new environment. This preemptive purr-paration can make a world of difference. Here’s a quick rundown on how to set the stage for a serene sanctuary:

  • Step 1: Choose a high-quality pheromone diffuser.
  • Step 2: Plug it in at least 48 hours before your cat’s arrival.
  • Step 3: Observe your cat’s behavior and adjust the number of diffusers as needed.

Remember, while pheromones are powerful, they’re part of a larger strategy to keep your kitty content. Use familiar scents and tasty treats to lure your cat back home. Be patient and persistent in searching for your hiding feline friend.

If you’re curious about other ways to keep your cat purring, don’t hesitate to pounce over to CatsLuvUs for more tips and tricks. After all, a happy cat means a happy life, and we’re all about those purr-positive vibes!

Furrever Friends: Moving On with Your Cat by Your Side

Furrever Friends: Moving On with Your Cat by Your Side

New Leash on Life: Adjusting to a New Routine Together

Life’s thrown us a curveball, and suddenly we’re playing a game of ‘who gets the cat tree in the breakup.’ But fear not, fellow feline aficionados! We’re here to help you and your whiskered companion find your paws in this new chapter. Adjusting to a new routine together is like learning a new dance – one two-step at a time.

First things first, let’s talk about keeping the peace in the kingdom. Cats are creatures of habit, and they don’t take kindly to their routines being turned upside down. So, we’ve got to be the monarchs of meow and maintain some semblance of the old schedule. Here’s a quick rundown:

  • Feeding Time: Keep it as regular as the Royal Guard’s changing. Same time, same place, same gourmet cat cuisine.
  • Playtime: Just because the human relationship has gone to the dogs doesn’t mean playtime has to. Keep those laser pointers handy!
  • Cuddle Sessions: Cats may act like they own the place, but they still need your love. Keep the snuggle times coming.

Remember, while we’re adjusting, our feline overlords are too. It’s a team effort, so let’s make it as smooth as a cat’s fur.

Now, if you’re thinking, ‘What can I do? My girlfriend and I split up over 3 weeks ago,’ and you’re worried about your furry friend, take a deep breath. Cats are resilient, and with a little effort, you can both strut into this new life with tails held high. And if you’re scratching your head for more tips, pounce over to CatsLuvUs for a treasure trove of cat-centric wisdom.

Travel Tails: Tips for Stress-Free Trips with Your Cat

Embarking on a journey with your feline friend? Fear not, fellow cat wranglers! We’ve got the purr-fect guide to ensure your kitty’s comfort on the go. First, let’s talk temperament. Like us, every cat has their own travel personality. Some may be adventurous whisker warriors, while others are homebodies who view the great outdoors with suspicion. Recognizing your cat’s travel temperament is key to a smooth trip.

Before you hit the road or take to the skies, a bit of pre-travel prep is in order. Here’s a checklist to keep you and your kitty singing ‘feline good’ all the way:

  • Travel Plans: Map out your journey with kitty in mind.
  • Health and Safety Checks: A quick vet visit can ensure your cat is ready to roam.
  • Travel Identification: Update tags and microchips with your current contact info.
  • Packing Essentials: Don’t forget the catnip!
  • Choosing the Right Travel Carrier: Comfort is king, or in this case, queen of the jungle.

When it comes to the mode of travel, each has its own set of challenges. Traveling by car offers the most control, but don’t forget to secure that carrier! If you’re flying, check airline policies ahead of time—some are more cat-friendly than others. And for the love of catnip, book pet-friendly accommodations. There’s nothing worse than arriving at your destination only to find out Mr. Whiskers isn’t welcome.

At your destination, keep your cat’s routine as stable as possible. A change of scenery doesn’t mean a change in dinner time, after all. And always have a plan for dealing with emergencies. Better safe than sorry!

Remember, the key to stress-free cat travel begins with acclimating your cat to their carrier. Think of it as your cat’s portable basecamp, a safe haven amid the chaos of new environments. For more tips and tricks on traveling with your feline friend, check out CatsLuvUs. Happy trails and tails!

The Comfort Zone: Ensuring Your Cat Feels Safe in Their Territory

When it comes to our feline friends, we’re all about creating a purr-fect haven where they can strut their stuff without a whisker of worry. After all, a happy cat means a happy human, right? So, let’s talk about turning your home into a fortress of solitude and serenity for your kitty companion.

First things first, cat-proof your new space. It’s like setting the stage for a Broadway show, except the star is your cat, and the audience is… well, also your cat. Do a thorough sweep of the place to ensure there are no secret escape routes or danger zones. Windows should be more secure than Fort Knox, and any remnants of the previous tenant’s mouse traps or rogue cleaning supplies should be given the boot.

Now, let’s set the scene with their favorite props. Cat trees, window perches, and plush beds should be strategically placed to give your cat the VIP treatment. If you’re juggling a multi-cat household, this step is crucial to avoid any territorial tiffs. Each cat needs to stake their claim on their piece of the kingdom.

Remember, when it comes to helping your cat adjust, patience is not just a virtue, it’s a necessity.

As you introduce your cat to their new royal quarters, follow their lead. Some cats may dive headfirst into their new domain, while others prefer a more paws-itive and gradual approach. Supervise their first explorations like a feline secret service agent, expanding their territory room by room as they become more comfortable.

And if you’re ever in doubt about how to create a cat-friendly environment or need some extra tips, just pounce over to CatsLuvUs for a treasure trove of advice. Trust us, it’s the cat’s meow!

Embark on a purr-fect journey with your feline companion and ensure they receive the utmost care and attention at Cats Luv Us Boarding Hotel. Whether you’re planning a getaway or need a cozy place for your cat during home renovations, our dedicated team is here to provide a safe and loving environment. Don’t miss out on our special offer: claim your first night free with a 3-night stay for new customers or when you refer a friend. Visit our website now to book your cat’s dream vacation and give them the pampering they deserve!


Well, fur-tunately, we’ve reached the tail end of our ‘pawsome’ journey through the feline heartbreak hotel. Remember, while you’re licking your wounds, your whiskered roommate might be feeling ‘claw-fully’ blue too. So, keep an eye out for any ‘hiss-terical’ behavior, and don’t fur-get to shower them with extra love and treats. After all, they’re not just your pet, they’re your ‘purr-sonal’ therapist who’s been there through every ‘meow-ment’ of your breakup saga. So, here’s to moving on and finding that ‘purr-fect’ peace for both you and your kitty. And hey, if all else fails, just remember that cats have nine lives, but thankfully, we only have to go through breakups once per relationship!

Frequently Asked Questions

How can I tell if my cat is experiencing separation anxiety after a breakup?

Signs of separation anxiety in cats can include excessive meowing, changes in eating habits, increased clinginess, or destructive behavior such as scratching furniture. If you notice these changes, it may be your cat reacting to the shift in their environment and routine.

What should I do if my cat starts peeing outside the litter box post-breakup?

Inappropriate elimination can be a sign of stress or a medical issue. Ensure the litter box is clean and in a quiet location. If the behavior persists, consult a veterinarian to rule out health problems and consider stress-reduction strategies.

Is it normal for my cat to hide more after a breakup?

Yes, cats may seek solitude when stressed or anxious. Provide a safe, quiet space for your cat to retreat to. If hiding behavior increases or is accompanied by other signs of distress, consult your vet.

How can I prevent my cat from scratching furniture more after my breakup?

Provide appropriate scratching posts and surfaces, and use deterrents on furniture. Positive reinforcement for using the scratching posts can also help redirect this behavior.

What are some ways to keep my cat entertained when I’m not around?

Interactive toys, puzzle feeders, and cat trees can keep your cat stimulated. Leaving the TV or radio on may also provide comfort. For some cats, adopting a second cat for companionship might be beneficial.

How long can I safely leave my cat alone if I need to travel after a breakup?

The duration can vary depending on your cat’s temperament and needs. Generally, it’s safe to leave a cat alone for 24 to 48 hours with enough food, water, and a clean litter box. For longer absences, consider a pet sitter or boarding facility.