Exploring the differences in lifespan between outdoor and indoor cats, this article delves into the various factors affecting their longevity. From the safety of a cozy home to the dangers of the outside world, we examine how these environments influence the life expectancy of our feline friends. Whether they prowl alleyways or lounge on sofas, the life of a cat is nuanced by its surroundings, and understanding these nuances can help pet owners make informed decisions about their cat’s lifestyle.

Key Takeaways

  • Indoor cats have a significantly longer lifespan, averaging 10 to 20 years, compared to outdoor cats, who live about 2 to 5 years.
  • Outdoor cats face numerous hazards such as traffic, predators, extreme weather, and diseases, which contribute to their shorter lifespans.
  • While outdoor cats experience natural behaviors such as roaming and hunting, these come with increased risks and ethical considerations regarding their safety.
  • Cats in different life stages, from kitten to senior, require varying levels of care and protection, influencing their potential longevity.
  • Some cats defy the odds and live beyond 15 years, but this is exceptional and depends on a combination of genetics, environment, and healthcare.

The Tail of Two Kitties: House Cats vs. Alley Cats

The Tail of Two Kitties: House Cats vs. Alley Cats

The Cozy Life of Indoor Felines

We all know that our purr-fect companions love a good sunbeam to bask in, but when it comes to the great indoors, they’re not just chasing shadows. Keeping our feline friends inside is like giving them a VIP pass to a longer, healthier life. Indoor cats live longer, and that’s not just a whisker of a tale; it’s backed by the sleek coat of science.

As dedicated cat curators, we’ve got the scoop on the litter box of knowledge. Here’s a prowl-worthy list of tips for keeping your indoor cats safe and entertained:

  • Ensure your home is a fortress against escapes, especially during heat cycles.
  • Create a cat-friendly habitat with plenty of vertical spaces for climbing.
  • Engage their hunter instincts with interactive toys and puzzles.
  • The catnip controversy: to give or not to give? Let’s just say, moderation is key.

For those of you who are still on the fence about the indoor cat lifestyle, consider this: outdoor cats face a jungle of dangers, from traffic to predators. But inside, your feline can reign supreme over their domestic jungle, free from the perils of the outside world. And if you’re looking for more feline wisdom, don’t forget to visit CatsLuvUs for a treasure trove of cat care tips.

In the realm of cozy cat condos and sun-drenched window sills, our indoor cats are the true monarchs of their plush kingdoms. They may not have nine lives, but we can certainly make the one they have as majestic as possible.

The Wild Whiskers of Outdoor Furballs

When it comes to the life of outdoor cats, we’re not kitten around—these furballs face a clowder of challenges. Outdoor cats often have a shorter lifespan compared to their indoor counterparts, and it’s not just because they’re out sowing their wild oats. The great outdoors is no catwalk; it’s filled with dangers that can make their nine lives feel more like a tightrope walk over a dog park.

Outdoor cats, or as we like to call them, ‘alley athletes’, must be whisker-wise to survive. They face a myriad of threats, from cars to coyotes. Here’s a quick rundown of the risks:

  • Traffic: Fast-moving vehicles are a constant threat to these street-savvy felines.
  • Predators: Not everyone in the neighborhood plays nice—other animals can be a real danger.
  • Disease: Without regular vet visits, outdoor cats are more exposed to illnesses.
  • Weather: Mother Nature can be a real mother, with extreme conditions taking a toll.

While the call of the wild may be strong, the reality is that the life of an outdoor cat is fraught with peril. It’s a jungle out there, and not all our furry friends have the lion’s share of luck.

For those of us who are paws-itively in love with our feline friends, we want to ensure they live the longest, healthiest lives possible. That’s why we’re big proponents of keeping cats indoors or providing supervised outdoor time. For more insights on keeping your cat safe and purr-tected, check out CatsLuvUs.

Remember, while outdoor cats may seem independent, they rely on us to make the best choices for their well-being. So, let’s not play a game of cat and mouse with their safety—keep your whiskered companions close to home, and they’ll thank you with head bumps and purrs aplenty.

The Nine Lives Myth: Busting Longevity Legends

We’ve all heard the tall tale that our feline friends have nine lives, but let’s paws for a moment and dig into the real scoop on cat longevity. Indoor cats have a furr-tastic advantage when it comes to lifespan, living on average between 10 to 20 years. Outdoor cats, on the other paw, often find their adventures cut short, with lifespans typically ranging from just 2 to 5 years.

It’s a hard-knock life for our alley cat allies, but keeping them indoors can turn their luck around.

Now, let’s not kitten around; the reasons for this disparity are as clear as a freshly cleaned litter box. Outdoor cats face a myriad of dangers, from the roar of traffic to the stealthy approach of predators. Not to mention, the great outdoors is a buffet of diseases that no cat is eager to sample.

Here’s a quick tabby-table of the average cat lifespan:

Environment Average Lifespan
Indoor 10 – 20 years
Outdoor 2 – 5 years

So, if you’re feline like you want to maximize your time with your purr-ecious companion, consider keeping them as an exclusive member of the indoor club. After all, a cozy couch nap beats a risky romp in the bushes any day. And remember, a little extra love and care can go a long way in helping your senior whisker-pal enjoy their golden years, whether they’re a city slicker or a country kitty.

Paws and Reflect: The Dangers of the Great Outpaws

Paws and Reflect: The Dangers of the Great Outpaws

The Perils of Prowling: Traffic, Predators, and More

We all know that curiosity didn’t just kill the cat; it made Fluffy an adrenaline junkie with nine lives to burn! But let’s paws for a moment and consider the fur-raising dangers that our whiskered wanderers face in the great outdoors.

Firstly, there’s the not-so-purrfect encounter with vehicles. Imagine a world where crossing the road is more like playing Frogger, but with higher stakes. It’s a sad tail, but many of our feline friends find themselves in a cat-astrophic situation when they tangle with traffic.

Then there’s the issue of other animals. It’s a jungle out there, and not all beasts are in the mood for a cuddle. Our kitty compadres might find themselves in a hiss-terical showdown with dogs, rival cats, or even the occasional coyote with a taste for tabbies.

And let’s not forget about the elements. Mother Nature can be a fickle feline herself, turning a sunny day into a thunderous tempest faster than you can say ‘meow’. A roaming cat might find itself caught in a downpour, or worse, a snowstorm that’s more chilling than a visit to the vet.

In the game of cat and mouse, the stakes are high, and the game board is vast. Our outdoor adventurers face risks that can turn their nine lives into a short-lived escapade.

For those of us who love our fur-babies, it’s important to weigh the risks and rewards. After all, we want them to live long and prosper, not just survive on the feline frontier. For more insights into the contrasting lives of domestic and wild cats, and their remarkable adaptability, be sure to visit catsluvus.com for more cat-tastic information.

Feral Felines vs. Pampered Pussycats: Survival of the Fittest

When it comes to the survival of the fittest, our feline friends are playing a game with different rules depending on whether they’re pampered pussycats or feral felines. House cats may have their nine lives pampered away, while their alley-cat counterparts are out there, living the real ‘cat eat cat’ world.

For instance, did you know that the average lifespan of an outdoor feral cat is significantly shorter than that of an indoor house cat? It’s a tough world out there for our whiskered wanderers, with dangers lurking around every corner. Here’s a quick rundown of the life expectancy showdown:

Environment Average Lifespan
Indoor 12-15 years
Outdoor 2-5 years

But wait, there’s more to this tail than meets the eye. Some organizations with real, on-the-ground experience suggest that these numbers might not tell the whole story. A popular belief is that outdoor cats might only expect to live between 2 and 8 years, but there’s a whisper in the alley that says otherwise.

In the concrete jungle, the feline fur flies as our community cats face the daily grind of survival. From dodging traffic to outsmarting the local tomcat, these kitties need to be on top of their game.

Now, let’s paws for a moment and consider the life of a pampered house cat. They’re the reigning monarchs of the sofa kingdom, with humans at their beck and call. Meals are served on a silver platter, and the biggest threat is the vacuum cleaner. It’s no wonder they often outlive their feral counterparts.

For those of you curious cats out there, check out CatsLuvUs for more insights into the lives of our beloved feline friends. Whether they’re basking in the sun or braving the urban jungle, every cat has a story worth purring about.

The Cat’s Meow: Community Cats and Their Caretakers

In the feline-friendly corners of our neighborhoods, community cats strut their stuff, living the dream with a little help from their human pals. These whiskered wanderers, often mistaken for strays, are the fur-midable residents of the great outdoors, and they’ve got a network of two-legged friends ensuring they’re living their nine lives to the fullest.

CatsLuvUs is a purr-fect resource for those looking to lend a paw to these free-roaming felines. They offer a treasure trove of advice on how to keep our alley allies both healthy and flea-free. It’s not just about putting out a bowl of kibble; it’s about embracing a community approach to cat care. Here’s where you can learn more about keeping community cats thriving.

Community cats are the unsung heroes of the neighborhood watch, keeping an eye on the comings and goings with a casual flick of the tail.

Caretakers often participate in TNR programs—that’s Trap, Neuter, Return for those not in the know—which help keep the population in check and the cats in good health. It’s a team effort, with neighbors coming together to ensure these cats can coexist with humans without causing a cat-astrophe.

Care Aspect Community Contribution
Feeding Providing daily meals
Shelter Safe havens during extreme weather
Health Monitoring Regular check-ups and flea control
Population Control TNR programs

By collaborating on stray cat care, we’re not just helping our feline friends; we’re creating a more harmonious environment for everyone. It’s a paws-itive step towards a community where every creature, regardless of the number of legs, can feel at home.

Feline Fine Indoors: Why Your Sofa Tiger May Live Longer

Feline Fine Indoors: Why Your Sofa Tiger May Live Longer

The Indoor Cat’s Guide to Longevity

We all want our feline friends to live a purr-fectly long and healthy life, right? Well, the secret might just be keeping them indoors. Indoor cats have the upper paw when it comes to longevity, with a lifespan that can stretch from a cozy 10 to a majestic 20 years. That’s a whole lot of extra cuddles and playtime compared to their outdoor counterparts, who average a mere 2 to 5 years due to the rough and tumble of the outside world.

Creating a cat-friendly indoor environment is key to a long and happy life for your kitty. It’s all about understanding cat behavior and providing enrichment that satisfies their feline instincts. Think climbing structures, scratching posts, and interactive toys to keep those paws busy. And if your whiskered wanderer is used to the great outdoors, don’t fret! Transitioning outdoor cats to indoor life can be a smooth process with the right approach and a sprinkle of patience.

While we can’t promise your sofa tiger will become immortal, we can certainly help tip the scales in favor of a longer, safer life. After all, isn’t that what every cat servant—ahem, I mean, cat owner—wants?

Of course, maintaining some form of outdoor access, like a catio or supervised patio time, can ensure your cat still gets to bask in the sunbeams without the risks. Just remember to keep those vet appointments regular, the nutrition top-notch, and the love overflowing. For more tips and tricks on cat care, check out CatsLuvUs for a treasure trove of feline wisdom.

The Great Debate: To Roam or Not to Roam

When it comes to our feline friends, we’re often caught in a purr-ticular dilemma: to let them roam free or not? It’s a claw-some responsibility, deciding whether to keep them as indoor sofa tigers or to allow them the freedom to explore the great outpaws. But let’s not fur-get, with great freedom comes great risk.

Here’s the scoop on the dangers of unsupervised roaming:

  • Vehicles: A whisker away from danger, cars and bikes pose a serious threat.
  • Other Animals: From feisty felines to prowling predators, the animal kingdom is no catwalk.
  • The Elements: Weather can turn cattywampus, leaving outdoor cats in a furry situation.
  • Lack of Schedule: Medication mishaps can occur if Mr. Whiskers is off gallivanting.
  • Unseen Threats: Roaming can lead to a pandemonium of diseases.

Ethically speaking, we’re in quite the fur-ment. Is it really fair to risk our cat’s nine lives for a taste of freedom? Or should we keep them nestled in the safety of our homes, away from the perils of the outside world?

For those who advocate for supervised adventures, training your cat for the outdoors on a leash might be the purr-fect compromise. It’s like having your catnip and eating it too! And if you’re looking for more insights on keeping your kitty content, both indoors and out, pounce over to CatsLuvUs for a treasure trove of tips and tricks.

Remember, whether you decide to let your cat roam or not, it’s impawtant to consider all the factors. After all, we want our purr-ecious companions to live a long, healthy, and happy life, filled with just the right amount of adventure and snuggles.

Senior Whiskers: The Golden Years of Indoor Cats

As we’ve been purr-using through the lives of our feline friends, we’ve seen that indoor cats often enjoy a more pampered existence, which can lead to a longer, healthier life. Indoor cats generally live longer than outdoor cats, with the average lifespan ranging from 10 to 20 years. That’s a lot of time for catnaps and curtain climbing!

But what’s the secret to their nine lives? Well, it’s not just about having a roof over their heads. It’s about the care we lavish on them. Regular vet check-ups are crucial, especially as they enter their golden years. Twice yearly is the gold standard for senior cats. And let’s not forget about accessibility; as they age, jumping onto the sofa might not be as easy as it used to be. Consider adding ramps or steps to keep their favorite perches within paw’s reach.

Here’s a quick checklist to keep your senior cat feline fine:

  • Vet check-ups (twice yearly for seniors)
  • Easy access to food, water, and litter box
  • Senior-specific cat food
  • Plenty of fresh water to prevent dehydration

And remember, while your sofa tiger may not be chasing mice as much, they still need love and attention. A good scratch behind the ears or a gentle brushing can go a long way. After all, a little TLC is the cat’s pajamas!

In the twilight of their years, our whiskered companions deserve all the comfort and care we can provide. It’s not just about adding years to their life, but life to their years.

For more insights on how to care for your senior cat, check out the resources at CatsLuvUs. It’s the purr-fect place for cat lovers who want to ensure their furry friends live a long and happy life.

The Curiosity Conundrum: Is Outdoor Adventure Worth It?

The Curiosity Conundrum: Is Outdoor Adventure Worth It?

The Ethics of Unsupervised Roaming

Paws for thought, fellow cat aficionados! When it comes to the ethics of unsupervised roaming, we’re not just talking about the cat’s pajamas of freedom. There’s a whole furball of moral quandaries to untangle. Let’s not kitten around; the decision to let our whiskered companions wander willy-nilly is a claw-scratching dilemma.

On one paw, we have the thrill of the hunt and the call of the wild. But on the other paw, we’re faced with a litter of risks that could turn any cat’s nine lives into a short tale. Here’s a quick rundown of the dangers our feline friends face in the great outdoors:

  • Vehicles: One wrong pounce and it’s a cat-astrophe.
  • Other Animals: Not every furball is looking for a playdate.
  • The Elements: Mother Nature can be a real cat-tastrophe.

It’s no secret that indoor cats often enjoy a longer yarn of life than their outdoor counterparts. But is it ethical to curtail their natural instincts for the sake of safety? That’s the heart of the debate.

Now, let’s not fur-get about the alternatives. We can be the purr-fect guardians without resorting to a life sentence indoors. Ever heard of catios? Or how about harness training for a leashed adventure in the great outpaws? And let’s not overlook the wonders of enrichment activities to keep those indoor cats purring with delight.

For those who want to unravel the mysteries of their cat’s behavior, [GPS tracking](https://catsluvus.com) offers a glimpse into the secret lives of our feline friends. It’s like a reality show, but with more fur and mysterious midnight meetings. So, let’s be the cat’s meow and ensure our furry family members live a life that’s both safe and whisker-licking good!

The Grass Isn’t Always Greener: Risks vs. Rewards

When it comes to our feline friends, we often ponder whether the call of the wild is a siren song or just a meow for help. Sure, the great outdoors offers a world of whisker-tingling adventures, but let’s not forget that every cat’s tale isn’t just about the tail-chasing fun. The risks lurking outside the cat flap can turn a purr into a growl faster than you can say ‘catnip’.

Outdoor escapades can be a real fur-raising experience with dangers such as busy roads, unfriendly wildlife, and the not-so-friendly neighborhood tomcat. Here’s a quick scratch on the surface of what our prowling pals might face:

  • Traffic: The fast and the fur-ious isn’t just a movie for our four-legged speedsters.
  • Predators: It’s a jungle out there, and not all big cats land on their feet.
  • Territorial Disputes: The local ‘cat-munity’ may not always welcome new whiskers.
  • Health Hazards: From fleas to foes, the great outdoors is not always a clean getaway.

But let’s paws for a moment. While the outdoors is fraught with peril, it also offers a kitty’s kingdom of endless trees to climb, fields to frolic in, and bugs to bat. The question is, do the rewards outweigh the risks? Or should we be the guardians of their galaxy, keeping them safe within the confines of our cosmic couch?

For those of us who are still on the fence like a curious cat, consider visiting catsluvus.com for more insights on how to keep your whiskered wanderers both happy and healthy. After all, we want our purr-pals to live nine lives to the fullest, not squander them on a game of feline Frogger.

The Indoor-Outdoor Cat Dilemma: Finding a Balance

When it comes to our feline friends, we’re often caught in a purr-dicament: should we let them strut their stuff in the great outdoors or keep them nestled safely indoors? It’s a classic cat-22 situation. On one paw, the call of the wild is strong for our whiskered wanderers, but on the other paw, the dangers lurking outside can turn a catnap into a cat-astrophe.

Finding the purr-fect balance between safety and stimulation for our indoor-outdoor cats is like trying to herd cats. But fear not, fellow cat herders, we’ve got some catio considerations to ensure your kitty’s outdoor escapades are both safe and enjoyable. Secure fencing to keep the prowlers out, protection from those pesky intruders (yes, we’re looking at you, neighborhood Tom), and a variety of entertainment options to keep those feline instincts sharp. For more tips on creating a feline-friendly habitat, scamper over to CatsLuvUs.

While we can’t bubble-wrap our adventurous kitties, we can certainly take measures to minimize the risks. A well-planned catio or supervised outdoor time can provide the best of both worlds: the thrill of the hunt and the coziness of a sunbeam-splashed pillow.

Here’s a quick checklist to ensure your cat’s outdoor time is a meow-nificent success:

  • A sturdy catio or secure outdoor enclosure
  • Regular health check-ups and vaccinations
  • Identification tags and microchipping
  • Training to respond to a recall command

Remember, while the grass may seem greener on the other side of the window, it’s our responsibility to ensure our feline family members have the chance to explore it safely. After all, we want them to live all nine lives to the fullest!

Meow-racles Do Happen: Tales of Super Senior Cats

Meow-racles Do Happen: Tales of Super Senior Cats

Is It Normal for My Cat to Live Beyond 15 Years Old?

Ever wondered if your furball is a candidate for the senior cat hall of fame? Well, it’s not only normal but also pawsible for your kitty to strut past the 15-year mark. In human years, that’s like donning a party hat for your 76th birthday bash! Indoor cats often outlive their alley-cat counterparts, with some lounging around well into their twenties. Here’s a whisker of wisdom: keeping your cat indoors can significantly extend their nine lives.

Indoor cats are like fine wine; they just get better with age. And while they may not need a cane or reading glasses, they do require a little extra TLC as they climb the age ladder.

Now, let’s talk turkey—or should we say tuna? The key to a long and prosperous cat life isn’t just about counting candles on the birthday cake. It’s about a combo of stellar genetics, top-notch care, and a sprinkle of luck. Here’s the scoop on how to keep your cat’s golden years glittering:

  • Great nutrition: A balanced diet keeps the vet away—well, not entirely, but it helps!
  • Regular vet visits: An ounce of prevention is worth a pound of purr.
  • Exercise: Keep those paws moving to stay nimble and quick.
  • Love: It’s the secret ingredient in every cat’s longevity recipe.

And if you’re clawing for more info on how to pamper your aging panther, check out CatsLuvUs for a treasure trove of tips and tricks. Remember, every cat is unique, so while some may enjoy a long and lazy retirement, others might be up for a game of mouse-and-seek well into their twilight years. Either way, we’re not kitten around when we say we love our cats at any age!

The Exceptional Elders: Cats Defying the Odds

We’ve all heard the tales of whiskered warriors who’ve lived to tell the tail well into their teens, and sometimes even beyond the ripe old age of twenty! These exceptional elders are the feline equivalents of centenarians, defying the odds with every purr and paw step. Their longevity is a testament to the resilience and adaptability of our furry companions.

While not every kitty can claim to be a super senior, there are certainly some breeds that seem to have the nine lives myth in their genes. For those of us looking to adopt a seasoned sidekick, a [guide to best cat breeds for seniors](https://catsluvus.com) can be a purr-fect starting point, emphasizing companionship and wellness, and offering tips for care that debunk myths while enhancing the bond with our feline friends.

These venerable veterans of the cat world often share a few common traits: a well-managed diet, regular veterinary check-ups, and a safe environment. It’s not just about having a cat tree to climb or a sunny spot to nap in; it’s about creating a haven where they can thrive without the stress of the great outdoors.

Of course, every cat is unique, and some seem to have a special charm that keeps them spry despite the years. Here’s a quick rundown of factors that contribute to their longevity:

  • Genetics: Just like people, some cats are born with a genetic jackpot that predisposes them to a longer life.
  • Environment: A safe, stimulating indoor environment can protect cats from the dangers that lurk outside.
  • Healthcare: Regular vet visits and preventive care go a long way in keeping our feline friends fit as a fiddle.
  • Diet: A balanced diet tailored to the needs of senior cats can help maintain their health and vitality.

While we can’t guarantee our cats will be record-breakers in the age department, we can certainly stack the deck in their favor. After all, isn’t that what being a pet parent is all about?

Cattin’ Around Town: Senior Cats in the Urban Jungle

We all know that senior cats have their own set of nine lives to navigate, especially when they’re prowling the urban jungle. Our whiskered elders might not be as spry as they once were, but they still have plenty of cat-itude and deserve the best care we can offer. For those of us managing a senior cat’s litter box, it’s a whole new ball game. Here’s a quick guide to keep your senior kitty’s sandbox purr-fect:

  • ScoopFree is a self-cleaning litter box that can be a game-changer for less agile paws.
  • The Booda Clean Step offers a ramp entrance, which is easier on those senior joints.
  • And let’s not forget the Wee Wee Potty Pads for the occasional miss outside the box.

Regular vet visits are crucial for health monitoring, as they help us catch any issues before they become catastrophes. It’s also vital to maintain a clean and accessible litter box environment, and to recognize signs of health issues early on.

In the concrete jungle, the survival of the fittest may seem like the law of the land, but for our senior feline friends, it’s all about the survival of the fluffiest. We’re their human caretakers, after all, and it’s up to us to ensure their golden years are as comfortable and dignified as possible.

For more insights and tips on caring for your senior cat, don’t hesitate to visit catsluvus.com. It’s a treasure trove of feline wisdom that will help you and your furry family member navigate the twilight years with grace and plenty of purrs.

Discover heartwarming stories of feline longevity and whisker-filled wisdom in our ‘Meow-racles Do Happen: Tales of Super Senior Cats’ section. These remarkable kitties have defied the odds and continue to inspire us with their purr-severance and cuddly charm. For more tales of tenacious tabbies and to ensure your own senior cat receives the pampering they deserve, visit our website and explore our range of services, including cat grooming, boarding, and our special offers like the first night free for new customers. Don’t miss out on giving your cat the luxurious stay they merit at Cats Luv Us Boarding Hotel!

Conclusion: The Nine Lives of Outdoor Cats

In the tail-end of our feline-focused foray, we’ve scratched the surface of the outdoor cat’s lifespan, and it’s clear that while they may not have nine lives, their time in the sun can be a whisker short of indoor kitties. Remember, an indoor cat’s life is like a purr-fectly curated catnap in the sun—safe, warm, and long-lasting. On the other paw, outdoor cats live life on the feral edge, with the average cat-titude leading to a shorter, albeit more adventurous, existence. So, if you’re feline like you want your furry friend to stick around for many moons, consider keeping them as an exclusive member of the indoor club. After all, curiosity didn’t kill the indoor cat!

Frequently Asked Questions

How long do indoor cats typically live?

Indoor cats generally live longer than outdoor cats, with an average lifespan ranging from 10 to 20 years.

What is the average lifespan of outdoor cats?

Outdoor cats typically live only 2 to 5 years due to increased risks of accidents, injuries, and exposure to diseases.

What factors contribute to the shorter lifespan of outdoor cats?

Outdoor cats face harsher living conditions such as traffic, extreme temperatures, predators, limited diet, and lack of veterinary care.

Can indoor cats live beyond 15 years old?

Yes, it’s not uncommon for indoor cats to live beyond 15 years old, with some reaching 20 years or more, depending on their environment, breed, and health.

What are the life stages of a cat?

Cats go through 4 life stages: Kitten (Birth – 6 months), Adolescent cat (7 months – 2 years), Mature cat (3 – 10 years), and Senior/geriatric cat (10+ years).

Is it safe to let my cat roam outdoors?

Letting cats roam outdoors unsupervised poses many risks and can significantly shorten their lifespan. It’s safer to keep cats indoors.